Lesson summaries January 2014

Lesson 1 Wednesday January 8th 

 In this lesson we talked about the Christmas holidays and we looked at:

1 How to form the past simple
2 Ordinal numbers
3 How to say dates

Here are our notes for the past simple:

DID + subject + verb
Did you have a good holiday?
Verb + ED
We stayed in Puerto Real.
DIDN’T + verb
We didn’t go away.  

Remember we used the past simple to talk about jobs.
José Antonio:  I worked in a bank.
Lourdes: I was a Science teacher.  

The verb to be is irregular in the past.  Look a this table.

I am
You/We /They  are
He/She / It is
I was
You/We/They  were
He/She/It was

Some verbs are irregular.  Here are some common irregular verbs we used in the lesson:


Because we talked a lot about the important dates in the Christmas holidays, we looked at ordinal numbers. (We always use ordinal numbers to talk about dates)

1  one
1st  first
5 five
5th  fifth
21  twenty-one
21st twenty-first
2  two
2nd second
6 six
6th sixth
22 twenty-two
22nd twenty-second
3  three
3rd third
7 seven
7 seventh
31 thirty-one
31st thirty-first
4 four
4th fourth



So we write Dec 24thand we say December the 24th or the 24th of December.
Here are Lourdes and Juan’s Christmas stories.


We went to Badalona.  We stayed in a hotel. It was very comfortable. It was three or four steps from the sea front.  In the mornings we went walking on the sea front. The sea front in Badalona is very long.  At around 12 o’clock we called my sister-in-law and we had a beer in the sun on the sea front.  We watched the children skating.

On Dec 24th we went to Barbate. My parents live in Barbate. We had dinner with my parents on the 24th and then we came back to Puerto Real on the 25th.  We went walking in Grazalema and we went for lunch in San Lucar.  We didn’t get presents from the Three Kings on January 6th, but on January 7th we went to the sales.  I bought some clothes for walking.  That was my present from the Kings!

If you want to practise the past, look at these clips on youtube.


Lesson 2 January 13th 2014

In this lesson we looked again at past verbs, we talked about the weekend and we started to talk about the topic of restaurants. 

1 Juan asked Toñi about her Christmas holidays.

Juan: Did you stay in Cádiz for the holidays?
Toñi: Yes, I stayed in Cádiz. 
Juan: What did you have for lunch on Christmas day?
Toñi: I had prawns and king prawns and crab and meat and wine and champagne …

2 We talked about what we did at the weekend and we looked again at some common irregular verbs:

have – had
make – made
go – went
do – did

We looked at expressions with each verb.  Can you think of more?
We had a big lunch.  We had a coffee at home. We had a beer in the sun.
I made Paella.  I made some pastries. 
I went shopping. I went for a walk.
We did some cooking.

3 We looked at the days of the week and the months of the year.  Can you remember how to pronounce them?

Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday
January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

4 We talked about Toñi’s friend’s new tapas bar in Mentidero square.  We talked about the food, rolls and baquettes, local dishes, with shellfish and seafood.  We talked about the bars that were in the square in the past.  We talked about the best place to have a coffee in Cádiz and we decided that the best coffee is the coffee we make at home! 

For homework I asked you to write a short answer to this question:
Can you recommend a restaurant or a bar?
My answer is on the blog.

Next lesson we will prepare for the mid-year exam! 

Lesson 3 January 15th 2014

In this lesson we looked again at dates, we talked about favourite free time activities and we discussed the exam next week.

1 Dates
We looked again at the use of ordinal numbers in dates: January 15th (fifteenth)
Here is a table of ordinal dates for dates (notice the spelling in the blue words) :

1st first
11th eleventh
21st twenty-first
31st  thirty-first
2nd second
12th twelfth
22nd twenty-second

3rd third
13th thirteenth
23rd twenty-third

4th fourth
14th fourteenth
24th twenty-fourth

5th fifth
15th fifteenth
25th twenty-fifth

6th sixth
16th sixteenth
26th twenty-sixth

7th seventh
17th seventeenth
27th twenty-seventh

8th eighth
18th eighteenth
28th twenty-eighth

9th ninth
19th nineteenth
29th twenty-ninth

10th tenth
20th twentieth
30th thirtieth

Remember that months and days of the week start with UPPER CASE in English.

On Wednesday we talked about our birthday months. My birthday is in July.  Lourdes has her birthday in July too.  Toñi’s birthday is on February 15th.  We must remember to sing happy birthday to her!

Notice we use ON with a date or a day: on Sunday, on January 15th, on my birthday

We talked about the situation in Spanish, where I think you can use upper case (or capital letters) or lower case and there isn’t really a big difference.  José Antonio explained that the Real Academia says it must be lower case, but he learned to write them with upper case at school. 

2 talking about free time activities.

We looked at the use of like + verb + -ing to talk about things we like doing in our free time.

Toñi likes watching TV series. She recommended Orange is the new Black.
José Antonio is a frustrated engineer. He likes looking at engineering projects like how to build an airplane, or a bridge, or a house. He also likes watching films, especially Peter O’Toole films.
Lourdes likes music, all kinds of music. She is learning to play the piano.
Juan likes walking in the mountains. He talked about the beautiful landscape at Sauceda.

3 The exam   

We discussed the exam.  Here is the format for the exam.

1 A short presentation

It can be about anything you want, you can prepare it at how, you can use notes when you give the presentation in class. It can be from 1 minute to 5 minutes.

2 Questions about the presentations for the speakers and the listeners.

3 A short quiz on vocabulary with three or four questions for you to write the answers.

4 A short reading text with questions.

That’s it!  The plan is that you can show what you know – and NOT to test what you don’t know!

Lesson 4 January 20th

On this day we had our exam!   Congratulations to everyone on their presentations and on their exam results.

Lesson 4 January 22nd

On this day we looked at the exams together and remembered the vocabulary we studied last term. We looked again at food and we studied a situation in a bar, with our imaginary friend George.

We learned some useful language to make offers:

What would you like?
Would you like a drink?
Would you like something to eat?

And to accept offers.

Yes please, I’d like a coffee with sugar and milk.
No, thanks.

Lesson 5 January 27th

On Monday we had a new student in the class. Welcome to the class Jesús!  It was also Juan’s last class. He is changing to another group. Good luck in the new group Juan!

In this lesson we continued with situations in the bar and in a restaurant. 

1 In a bar
This time it was 12.30 and it was time for a beer.  Here is an example of the dialogues we practised:

You:  Would you like something to drink, George?
George: Yes, please.
You: What would you like?
George: A beer, please.
You: would you like something to eat?
George: Yes, please, some olives.

2 In a restaurant
We looked at a menu from an American restaurant, The Gourmet Burger Bar, and we learned some new words:
Homemade, basil, avocado, freshly-baked, chicken wings.
We also learned that when we say Thank you, the other person says You’re Welcome.  
And we practised more phrases with would you like / I’d like.

Waiter: Are you ready to order?
You:  Yes, thanks.
Waiter: What would you like to drink?
Juan:  a beer, please
Waiter: and you madam?
Lourdes: a beer for me too, please.
Waiter: and you, sir?
José Antonio: some red wine, please.
Waiter: Would you like French wine, Italian wine or Spanish wine?
J.A.: Do you have Ribera de Duero?
Waiter: Certainly. One glass of Ribero de Duero.
J.A.: No, half a bottle please.
Waiter: Certainly … and you sir?
Jesús: A beer for me too.
Waiter: And to eat? What would you like to eat?  Madam?
Lourdes:  A cheese salad for starters please.
Waiter: Certainly madam, one cheese salad. And you, sir?
Juan: Chicken wings, please
Jesús: chicken wings for me too.
José Antonio: and salad for me.
Waiter: Thank you. And for your main course? ……  [to be continued!]

For homework I asked you to write a typical Spanish set menu and an English description of the dishes. I’d like to use these set menus in the next class to practise more restaurant language. 

Lesson 7 January 29th

Today we continued with language for restaurants.  

Here are some more common questions:

Can I have the menu?
What’s in it? (fish, potatoes and red pepper)
How is it made?  (it’s cooked for a long, long time)
What kind of fish is it?  (it’s local fish)
Can I order the dessert later?  (Yes, of course)
How would you like your meat?   (Rare / medium / well done)
Can you recommend a local wine?
Do you have any white wine?
What wine do you recommend with fish?

We talked about more ingredients and dishes too:

Toast with paté
Toast with grated tomato
 Pastry filled with cream with hot chocolate sauce
Red onions on the side
Salad on the side  OR  side salad

Remember that the adjective always comes before the verb!
Hot bread,  fried eggs,  fresh fruit  NOT  bread hot, eggs fried, fruit fresh

For homework I suggested we watch a video about Mr Bean in a restaurant.  You can imagine the conversation between the waiter and Mr Bean.  Follow this link to see the video on our blog:

Next week I’m away and your teacher will be Lorna. See you on Monday February 10th

No comments:

Post a Comment