Lesson summaries December

LESSON 1 Monday December 2

1 Summary from last lesson and questions
We looked at different questions with How.
1 How do you say “how many” in Spanish?
2 How are you today?
3 How old are you?
4 How many children do you have?

We looked again at the question What do you do?
The first “do” is an auxiliary. It helps to form a question.  The second “do” is the verb.

Question word
Auxiliary do
Main verb

We looked at questions with other verbs:  work, live, have
Where do you work?   Where do you live?   Do you have a big family ?

During the lesson we looked at other verbs too:  travel, make (a decision, money), help
Make and do  are Hacer in Spanish but they have different meanings.
Do is for actions.  Make is for the result.
Dentists do their job and they make a lot of money.

2 We looked at some  photos of jobs.
New words: chef, soldier, dentist, computer specialist, builder, factory worker, waiter, company director, accountant, journalist, sports instructor, office worker

3 We talked about the jobs:
Hairdressers, waiters and painters work long hours.
Hairdressers work from 10 to 9.  They work all day.
Teachers work at school and at home. They work seven days a week!
Nurses and doctors work all night.
Builders do hard physical work. A lawyer doesn’t do physical work.
A banker works with money.  A company director makes a lot of money!
Judges make important decisions.
Nurses, doctors and police officers help people.

4 We described jobs.
Here is a description of a job. What is the job?
They work long hours.  They work at night and at the weekend. They don’t make a lot of money.  They help people.  They work in a hospital.
The homework is to write a description of a different job. Use the verbs in section 3 and the adjectives in section 5.

5 Adjectives to describe jobs
We looked at the adjectives: active, badly paid, boring, creative, dangerous, interesting, responsible, satisfying, stressful, well paid

The homework is to match the adjectives here with the jobs in section 2.

Lesson 2  Wednesday December 4

1 Questions from last lesson

Lourdes’s question:  What’s the difference between in and inside?
The answer:  “in” is a preposition, you use it with a noun – He’s in the bar. It’s in the classroom.  “Inside” is an adverb, you don’t need a noun – He’s insideIs he inside?  Do you want to eat inside or outside?

 Some clarification of jobs:
A chef is a person who cooks in a restaurant.
A waiter is the person who brings you your food and drink.

The difference between “to work with money” and “to make money”.
Shops assistants, waiters, bus drivers and taxi drivers all work with money (they take money from people, they give money to people, but they don’t make a lot of money.  Famous actors, singers and football players don’t work with money but they make a lot of money. 

2 Game: what’s the job?

We practiced questions like:
Do they work long hours?
Do they travel a lot?
Is it a dangerous job?
Do they work inside?
Is it boring?

3  Word building : - er
We looked at names of jobs that end in –er.  Some come from verbs, some come from nouns.

From verbs:  teach – teacher, drive – driver, build – builder, work - worker
From nouns: photograph – photographer, design – designer

4  Asking about jobs
We listened to three short conversations. I think the first was easy, but the other two were more difficult.  If you want, you can practise reading them aloud (en voz alta):

F              Hi, I’m Fran. What’s your name?
G             Hi, I’m Gemma.  Where are you from, Fran?
F              Italy, Milan. And you?
G             Argentina. What do you do? Do you work in fashion?
F              Yes, I’m a fashion designer.  And you, Gemma, are you a model?
G             No, I’m a photographer!

H             Hi, I’m Hans.
S              Hi, I’m Sara.
H             What do you do, Sara?  Do you work here?
S              No, I’m a student.
H             Oh? What do you study?
S              Medicine – I want to be a doctor.
H             So what university do you go to?
S              I’m at Central College.
H             And what year are you in?
S              The second year, I have four more years to go!
H             Well, good luck!

S              And you, Hans?  What do you do?
H             I’m a reporter.
S              Oh?  Who do you work for?
H             I work for a local newspaper.
S              And where do you work? At home?
H             Yes – and sometimes I go to the newspaper offices for meetings.
S              What do you write about?
H             sports … and travel.
S              That sounds fun.
H             Yes, it is.

5  For homework please read the text (Toñi there’s a copy for you in the email).  There are more ideas for the homework in the email.

Lesson 3 Wednesday Dec 11

1 Questions
You didn’t have any questions from the last lesson J

2 Jobs
We remembered some jobs vocabulary, and the alphabet and played job bingo.  We looked at the stress and pronunciation in:

Can you remember how to say them?  Click on this link to hear them. https://soundcloud.com/ceri-elt/lesson-11-pronunciation

3 Colin
I introduced you to my friend, Colin.
Can you remember the answers to the questions?

Where is he from?
What does he do?
Where does he work?
Does he work long hours?
What time does he start?
What time does he finish?

Remember: when you talk about the time use at for example at 11 o’clock

4 Coffee
We talked about coffee.  Here are some of the expressions we used:
Do you like coffee?   Yes, I do, very much / Yes, I love it! / not so much
I don’t like coffee in the evening.  I don’t have coffee after 11 o’clock.
I can’t sleep if I drink coffee in the evening.  I have a coffee when I wake up.

Types of coffee: 
A big cup / mug of coffee.
Black coffee, milky coffee, filter coffee, with milk, with sugar
José Antonio explained that CAFÉ = caliente, amargo, fuerte y espeso (hot, bitter, strong and thick) 

Lesson 4  Monday Dec 16

In this lesson we looked at:

1 telling the time
2 vocabulary for food
3 talking about what we like and don’t like

1 telling the time
If the time is 10.30 we can say “ten thirty” or we can say “half past ten”.
Look at these times:
10.00  ten o’clock
10.05 five past ten
10.10 ten past ten
10.15 quarter past ten
10.30 half past ten
10.35 twenty-tive to ten
10.40 twenty to eleven
10.45 quarter to eleven.

How do you say these times?
9.15                       2.35                       8.10                       4.45                       9.30                       12.00
What time do you  a) wake up?  b) have breakfast?
Remember: early and late. If you wake up at 6am, you wake up early. If you wake up at 11am, you wake up late.

2 Food vocabulary
Here is a photo of the food vocabulary we collected on the mini board.  (There’s one mistake – it’s offal not ofal – sorry!)  Here’s the link to listen to the words. https://soundcloud.com/ceri-elt/food-vocabulary

3 talking about the food we like

We talked about breakfast. José Antonio likes strong coffee with toast and red pig fat (or lard).  Lourdes likes the same thing.  Juan likes to eat fruit in the morning.  José Antonio and Lourdes suggested banana sandwiches.  I like bananas on toast with honey.
We talked about food in general.  Juan is a meat-eater. He likes beef and pork.  José Antonio loves Spanish food. He thinks Spanish food is the best food in the world. I love Spanish food but I like other food too.  I like Italian and Indian and Thai food. It’s very different from Spanish food.

Lesson 5  Wednesday Dec 18

In this lesson we looked at:

1 telling the time

We looked at the video again.  There were no problems.  And we looked at these questions:

What’s the time?
What time is it?
Do you have the time?

2 talking about the time we do things

And then we talked about the times when we do things:

What time do you have lunch?
What time do you have dinner (your evening meal)?

We also looked at the adverb “usually”.  Use “usually” before the verb.

What time do  you * have lunch?  We * have lunch at  half past two.
What time do you usually have lunch?  We usually have lunch at half past two.

3 favourite foods

We talked about the food we like to eat at different meals.  It was a great conversation.  We talked about a lot of different things.  Here is some of the new vocabulary we looked at:

Tastes:  bitter, sweet, sharp.  Can you think of food for each taste? For example, coffee is bitter.
Herbs and spices: cinnamon, mint, vanilla.  Do you like them?

Can you remember the words in bold? What do they mean?

We talked about making fresh juice in a blender and José Antonio told us a story about his grandfather who put a big watermelon on the table for the little José Antonio forty years ago.  He talked about the delicious heart of the watermelon.  We talked about the difference between grape juice and mosto and wine.  José Antonio explained that real mosto is light and thick and perfect for barbecues.   You can drink a lot of mosto but you don’t get drunk. We also talked about barrels of sherry and bottles of wine.   And then we talked about siestas. Do you have a siesta

4 Christmas food

We looked at a photo of traditional Christmas food and talked about the food we eat in the UK and in Spain at Christmas.

 In the UK we eat roast turkey with roast potatoes and vegetables.  We make a sauce with the juices of the meat (we call it gravy) and we eat the meat with sweet cranberry sauce.   We eat a lot of nuts and oranges and cakes and puddings.  The traditional Christmas cakes about puddings have a lot of dried fruits and nuts.  They’re very heavy! 

We talked about traditions in Cádiz and other parts of Spain. Juan explained that his mother prepares a lot of starters and everyone eats leftovers on December 25 and 26!  It was interesting to talk about the differences between Cádiz and Madrid.  In Madrid, in the mountains, fish is the traditional food for Christmas.  In Cádiz, on the coast, meat is the traditional holiday food. 

Thank you for a great conversation! 

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